Reading is a fundamental ability significant in a child’s academic and personal development. Children must learn phonics and phonemic awareness, which are crucial to becoming effective readers. Phonics is the link between sounds and letters, and phonemic awareness revolves around the capacity to recognize and hear specific sounds in spoken words, which are also called phonemes.
Reading is an essential skill that can significantly impact a child’s academic performance and personal development. Children who have trouble reading often face difficulties in and outside the classroom. These difficulties can adversely affect academic achievement, self-esteem, and confidence levels.
The development of reading abilities requires early teaching in phonics and phonemic awareness. Children who get explicit and systematic education in phonics and phonemic awareness are likelier to succeed as readers than those who do not.
The teaching of phonics is built on phonemic awareness. It aids children’s comprehension of language’s sound system and how words form by combining different sounds. Children’s ability to learn phonics is improved by developing their phonemic awareness.
Children are taught how to link letters and sounds via phonics education. Typically, phonics education starts with the most fundamental sounds (such as consonants and short vowels) and develops progressively to more complicated sounds and writing patterns. Children may learn to read clearly and fluently with consistent phonics training.
For students to become good readers, phonics education must be effective. Children who learn to read using phonics are more adept at decoding new words, reading fluently, and understanding what they read.
As the 2000 US Reading Panel report puts forth, US States are witnessing a 25% failure rate in 3rd-grade reading scores and demanding that reading curricula follow “the science of reading.” The big idea is that phonemic awareness and phonics are needed in early basic reading instruction for k-3 kids. But something is missing.
There needs to be a mandate for a simple phonetic guide that kids can use to write and read the 40 sounds of US English. These lists are available in dictionaries but have special symbols and are not useful. Therefore, in 1986 Truespel Phonetics was created to link phonetics with phonics.
Just as English spelling has an alphabet (list of letters), it also has a “phonabet” (my term) list of sounds and effects that make up a language. Phonics shows many ways to spell a sound, but it is much simpler to show only one way in phonetics. The spelling of a phoneme is called a phonogram. In truespel, the phonograms are regular letters as consistent with regular spelling as possible.
The question is, “How can you teach phonemic awareness without a phonetic guide. The answer is “poorly.”
Truespel uses scientific observation of phoneme frequency to spell its phonograms. Two truespel books count phoneme frequency, and one adds a Truespel pronunciation guide to the Voice of America dictionary. Truespel is vetted and is actually more accurate than the International Phonetic Alphabet for US English.
Because last year 25% of Florida third graders FAILED reading in the FSA assessment, Truespel is needed. It follows the science of reading method mandating phonemic awareness and phonics instruction for reading. It is freely accessible on the Internet.
Truespel phonetics links phonics and phonetics by using primary phonic spellings of sounds for phonetics. This gives the teacher a list of the 40 US English phonemes they can teach that they don’t have now.
I believe that Truespel phonetics is the way to teach the science of reading and increase literacy in school. Teaching phonetics is a proven method. We must abandon methods that don’t work and use those that do.
To better understand what phonological awareness is and how it affects speaking and reading abilities in kids, read this comprehensive post that covers all aspects of Phonological Awareness, Phonemic Awareness, and Phonetic Awareness.